Thursday, April 22, 2010


Contrabaixista, compositor e ocasionalmente pianista de jazz Charles Mingus Jr., nasceu no 22 de abril de 1922, em uma base militar em Nogales no Arizona. Mingus também ficou conhecido pelo seu ativismo contra a injustiça racial, muito presente no seu país.

Charles Mingus é geralmente colocado entre os grandes nomes do jazz, gravando vários álbuns muito apreciados pelos amantes de jazz. As suas melodias, não são muitas vezes re-gravadas, devido á sua natureza pouco convencional, no entanto, Mingus foi também um influente e criativo músico, convidando para a sua banda artistas talentosos e, por vezes, menos conhecidos que ele achou que reuniam as características necessárias para a integrar.

Corria a boca pequena, no âmbito musical, que Mingus tinha muitas vezes um temível temperamento, o que originou a sua alcunha no mundo do Jazz, de "The Angry Man of Jazz" (O homem raivoso do jazz). Este comportamento negativo, acabou por comprometer a sua integridade musical, resultando em autênticas erupções de raiva em cima do palco, embora ele tenha conseguído moderar o seu comportamento.

É considerado, ao lado de Thelonius Monk e Duke Ellington, um dos três maiores compositores da história do Jazz.

Mingus faleceu em janeiro, de 1979.

Charles Mingus & Companhia em "Take the A Train"

Jazz musician (double bass player), composer, bandleader, and human rights activist Charles Mingus, Jr. , was born on April 22, 1922 in an Army Base in Nogales, Arizona.

Having released numerous records of high regard, Mingus is considered one of the most important composers and performers of jazz as well as a pioneer in bass technique. Dozens of musicians passed through his bands and later went on to impressive careers. Mingus was also influential and creative as a band leader, recruiting talented and sometimes little-known artists whom he assembled into unconventional and revealing configurations.

Nearly as well known as his ambitious music was Mingus' often fearsome temperament, which earned him the nickname "The Angry Man of Jazz." His refusal to compromise his musical integrity led to many on-stage eruptions, exhortations to musicians, and dismissals.
Most of Mingus's music retained the hot and soulful feel of hard bop and drew heavily from black gospel music while sometimes drawing on elements of Third Stream, free jazz, and even classical music.

Yet Mingus avoided categorization, forging his own brand of music that fused tradition with unique and unexplored realms of jazz. Mingus focused on collective improvisation, similar to the old New Orleans Jazz parades, paying particular attention to how each band member interacted with the group as a whole. In creating his bands, Mingus looked not only at the skills of the available musicians, but also their personalities. He strove to create unique music to be played by unique musicians.

Because of his brilliant writing for mid-size ensembles—and his catering to and emphasizing the strengths of the musicians in his groups—Mingus is often considered the heir apparent to Duke Ellinton, for whom he expressed unqualified admiration. Indeed, Dizy Gillespie had once claimed Mingus reminded him "of a young Duke", citing their shared "organizational genius."

Although Mingus' music was once believed to be too difficult to play without Mingus' leadership, many musicians play Mingus compositions today, from those who play with the repertory bands Mingus Big Band, Mingus Dynasty, and Mingus Orchestra, to the high school students who play the charts and compete in the Charles Mingus High School Competition.

In 1988, a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts made possible the cataloging of Mingus compositions, which were then donated to the Music Division of the New York Public Library for public use.

In 1993, The Library of Congress acquired Mingus's collected papers — including scores, sound recordings, correspondence and photos — in what they described as "the most important acquisition of a manuscript collection relating to jazz in the Library's history".

Mingus passed away in January, 1979.

Reference - Wikipédia

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