O compositor, clarinetista de jazz e bandleader Arnold Jacob Arshawsky, conhecido como Artie Shaw, nasceu no 23 de maio de 1910 em Nova York e tornou-se muito famoso mundialmente por clássicos como "Stardust", "Begin the Beguine" e "Oh, Lady Be Good", entre tantos outros.
Em 1940, Shaw participou do filme Second Corus, estrelado por Fred Astaire e Paulette Goddard, no papel dele mesmo, e recebeu duas indicações ao Oscar pela Melhor Trilha Sonora e Melhor Canção (Love of My Life).
Sua autobiografia "The Trouble With Cinderella: An Outline of Identity" foi publicada em 1952 e, mais tarde, republicada em 1992 e em 2001.
Artie Shaw faleceu em dezembro de 2004.
Artie Shaw e sua big band levam "Begin the Beguine" de Cole Porter.
American jazz clarinetist, composer and bandleader Arthur Jacob Arshawsky, better known as Artie Shaw, was born on May 30, 1910 in New York City. He is also the author of both fiction and non-fiction writings.
Shaw grew up in New Haven,Connecticut, where, according to his autobiography his natural introversion was deepened by local antisemitism. Shaw began learning the saxophone when he was 13 years old, and by the age of 16, he switched to the clarinet and left home to tour with a band. Returning to New York, he became a session musician through the early 1930s.
From 1925 until 1936, Shaw performed with many bands and orchestras, including those of Johnny Caverello and Austin Wylie. In 1929 and 1930 he played with Irving Aaronson's Commanders, where he was exposed to symphonic music, which he would later incorporate in his arrangements.
Shaw first gained critical acclaim with his "Interlude in B-flat" at a swing concert at the Imperial Theater in New York in 1935. During the swing era, Shaw's big band was popular with hits like "Begin the Beguine" (1938), "Stardust" (with a trumpet solo by "Billy Butterfield), "Back Bay Shuffle", "Moonglow", "Rosalie" and "Frenesi." He was an innovator in the big band idiom, using unusual instrumentation; "Interlude in B-flat", where he was backed with only a rhythm section and a string quartet, was one of the earliest examples of what would be later dubbed third stream.
In addition to hiring drummer Buddy Rich, he signed Billie Holiday as his band's vocalist in 1938, becoming the first white bandleader to hire a full-time black female singer to tour the segregated Southern US. However, after recording "Any Old Time" she left the band due to hostility from audiences in the South, as well as from music company executives who wanted a more "mainstream" singer.
His band became enormously successful, and his playing was eventually recognized as equal to that of Benny Goodman. Longtime Duke Ellington clarinetist Barney Bigard cited Shaw as his favorite clarinet player. In response to Goodman's nickname, the "King of Swing", Shaw's fans dubbed him the "King of the Clarinet." Shaw, however, felt the titles were reversed. "Benny Goodman played clarinet. I played music," he said.
The long series of musical groups Shaw formed included such talents as vocalists Billie Holiday, Helen Forrest and, Mel Tormé; drummers Buddy Rich and Dave Tough, guitarists Barney Kessel, Jimmy Raney, and Tal Farlow and trombonist-arranger Ray Conniff, among countless others.
He composed the morose "Nightmare", with its Hassidic nuances, for his personal theme, rather than more approachable songs. In a televised interview of the 1970s, Shaw derided the often "asinine" songs that bands were compelled to play night after night. In 1994, he told Frank Prial (The New York Times), "I thought that because I was Artie Shaw I could do what I wanted, but all they wanted was 'Begin the Beguine.' "
In 1991, Artie Shaw's band library and manuscript collection was donated to the University of Arizona. In 2004, he was presented with a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.
A self-proclaimed "very difficult man," Shaw was married eight times: Jane Cairns (1932–33); Margaret Allen (1934–37); actress Lana Turner (1940); Betty Kern (1942–43), the daughter of songwriter Jerome Kern; actress Ava Gardner (1945–46); Forever Amber author Kathleen Winsor (1946–48); actress Doris Doeling (1952–56); and actress Evelyn Keyes (1957–85).
Artie Shaw passed away in December, 2004
Reference - Wikipedia